How do Frogs And Toads Differ?
A lot of people wonder how frogs and toads differ. Well, the surprising answer is that they don’t really differ that much!
Frogs and toads differ and tend to be amphibians, meaning they’re able to live in and from water. They both vertebrates and fit in with the class which includes salamanders. But while salamanders look a lot more like lizards with long bodies and tails, both frogs and toads are short-bodied and tail-less, hence their Greek name “anura.”
They also develop just like, from being mostly born as eggs, living under water as larvae or tadpoles, then living on both water and land as adults. They both have vocal cords too and will even make sounds under water. Plus, both must breed and lay their eggs in water.
But this is where the similarities end. The most obvious way frogs and toads differ is by using their skin. Frogs have smooth, wet, and velvety (or slimy) skin because they usually stay quite near the water. The toad is much more adventurous and travels from the water, leading to dry, warty skin.
Frogs tend to lay their eggs in bodies of water without fish. These eggs form a rounded shape. Toad eggs taste nasty and may come in inhabited bodies of water. They usually undertake an extended chain-like shape.
What about their body structure?
Their body shapes vary too. Frogs have leaner, elongated bodies with long and webbed hind feet, which lend themselves more to swimming and leaping. Toads have short and round bodies with shorter plus more muscular hind legs that are better suited to short hops and walking.
These body differences will also be what influence their self-protection system. The toad can’t escape as quickly, which allowed them to develop paratoid (poison) glands that are located behind their eyes. This is why when animals bite them, they often foam with the mouth plus some even die as a result of the poison.
Frogs, however, can jump much farther so their poison glands aren’t as developed. They do, however, excrete a light poison through their skin. The Brazilian poison dart frog developed this with an extreme, however. Hunters will extract the tree frog’s poison and use it to stun larger game. This poison is why a lot of people develop an itching or burning sensation when they rub their eyes after touching a frog or even a toad.
Frogs have differently configured heads too. They have what is known as “tympanum” or their ears at the sides of these head. It’s covered with a thin part of skin that protects it. These can hear other frog’s calls from quite a long distance away and some frogs may even hear underwater. Toads have ears, too but not quite as large because frog’s.
Frog’s eyes bulge out so they can see just about all around them and make far from predators. The toad has recessed eyes because most predators don’t often make use of them.
Do toads really cause warts? No they just don’t. Warts come from a virus, not just a poor, innocent toad!